The planning of the Farm was initiated with the construction of the dams. It was primordial to have water for the functioning of the machines. There are six dams in total, nowadays only three are still being used. At the rainy season, the floodgates were all closed and the dams filled up, then gradually used, one by one, supplying the water for general use of the Farm and the machines.
The first installation to use the hydraulical system was the sawmill. In there all the wood extracted in the Farm was cut and prepared for the construction of roofs, gates, windows and wooden flooring for the warehouses and houses of the property. A total of 360 houses were built adding up to 20 thousand square meters of constructed area. The water was also important for the population, because with the exception of the farmhouse, there wasn't canalized water, being the water supply a general concern. All this structure still exists and can be explored, as long as the dams are cleaned and the sand is taken off them, and the bridges remade.
The farm at that time had about 8,970 acres but only about a third of this area was used for coffee production. The reason is that 100 years ago neither thermal nor electric energy had been introduced at farms. Everything had to be produced inside the property, from staples for the employees to fertilizers for he fields. From this point we can see how much the farm resembles a city. We can see the stables, the saddlery, then the school, the grocer's and also the butcher's; the office, the administrator's house, the cinema, the church, the sawmill and carpentry, the blacksmith's, the corn mill, the bunker silo and the processing shed.
All finished products were imported from Europe, the roof tiles are French, the cement is German, the train tracks are Belgian and most of the metal work, English. Bricks were produced here and had the mark EP (Eduardo Prates) on each of them; wood was taken from the trees that existed here, cut into planks and prepared at the sawmill down there.